Biological Resources

Provided are articles, studies, and PDFs from biological and medical research on copper. Copper (Cu) plays an integral role in the human body. Optimal health is maintained when copper levels remain at proper amounts according to the body’s needs. However, when copper levels become abnormally high toxicity can occur.

The human body requires copper at about 2mg per day for healthy adults, which is easily obtained from a wide range of foods such as nuts, seeds, legumes, and even organ meats. The mineral copper works in conjunction with other nutrients and helps to perform various bodily functions: aiding in the storage of iron, making red blood cells, maintaining nerve cells, upkeep of the immune system, etc.

The element copper also works to compete with zinc. When zinc levels are too low, copper levels can become excessive and problematic. Thus, adequate balance of all the essential trace minerals and nutrients is important to cultivate optimal health.

(1) National Center for Biotechnology Information. PubChem Compound Database | Copper

Description: Copper is a metal that occurs naturally throughout the environment, in rocks, soil, water, and air. Copper is an essential element in plants and animals (including humans), which means it is necessary for us to live. Therefore, plants and animals must absorb some copper from eating, drinking, and breathing. Copper is used to make many different kinds of products like wire, plumbing pipes, and sheet metal. U. S. pennies made before 1982 are made of copper, while those made after 1982 are only coated with copper. Copper is also combined with other metals to make brass and bronze pipes and faucets. Copper compounds are commonly used in agriculture to treat plant diseases like mildew, for water treatment and, as preservatives for wood, leather, and fabrics. Read More

Citation: National Center for Biotechnology Information. PubChem Compound Database; CID=23978, (accessed Sept. 26, 2018).

(2) Research Gate | Copper and Zinc, Biological Role and Significance of Copper/Zinc Imbalance [PDF]


Citation: Osredkar J, Sustar N (2011) Copper and Zinc, Biological Role and Significance of Copper/Zinc Imbalance. J Clinic Toxicol S3:001. doi:10.4172/2161-0495.S3-001